April 12: 1 Samuel 15-17
1 The Lord said to Samuel, “How long will you grieve over Saul, since I have rejected him from being king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go. I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I have provided for myself a king among his sons.” 2 And Samuel said, “How can I go? If Saul hears it, he will kill me.” And the Lord said, “Take a heifer with you and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the Lord.’ 3 And invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do. And you shall anoint for me him whom I declare to you.” 4 Samuel did what the Lord commanded and came to Bethlehem. The elders of the city came to meet him trembling and said, “Do you come peaceably?” 5 And he said, “Peaceably; I have come to sacrifice to the Lord. Consecrate yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice.” And he consecrated Jesse and his sons and invited them to the sacrifice.
6 When they came, he looked on Eliab and thought, “Surely the Lord's anointed is before him.” 7 But the Lord said to Samuel, “Do not look on his appearance or on the height of his stature, because I have rejected him. For the Lord sees not as man sees: man looks on the outward appearance, but the Lord looks on the heart.” 8 Then Jesse called Abinadab and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, “Neither has the Lord chosen this one.” 9 Then Jesse made Shammah pass by. And he said, “Neither has the Lord chosen this one.” 10 And Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse, “The Lord has not chosen these.” 11 Then Samuel said to Jesse, “Are all your sons here?” And he said, “There remains yet the youngest, but behold, he is keeping the sheep.” And Samuel said to Jesse, “Send and get him, for we will not sit down till he comes here.” 12 And he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy and had beautiful eyes and was handsome. And the Lord said, “Arise, anoint him, for this is he.” 13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers. And the Spirit of the Lord rushed upon David from that day forward. And Samuel rose up and went to Ramah.
1 Samuel 16:1-13, English Standard Version
Samuel Anointed David
King Saul continues in his backsliding away from the Lord until God proclaims, through Samuel, that He will take the kingdom away from Saul and give it to another. Chapter 15 ends with these sobering words.
And Samuel did not see Saul again until the day of his death, but Samuel grieved over Saul. And the Lord regretted that he had made Saul king over Israel.
1 Samuel 15:35
This verse is very interesting, especially when you note that Samuel died before Saul, so how could Saul see Samuel on the day of his death? We will study more about this when we come to 1 Samuel 28.
1 Samuel 16 begins on a more cheery note, The Lord said to Samuel, “How long will you grieve over Saul, since I have rejected him from being king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go. I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I have provided for myself a king among his sons.”
I have always marveled at 1 Samuel 16--it is a wonderful story. Samuel stands before each son of Jesse as one by one they pass by. After the seventh son, Samuel looks at Jesse and says, "Do you have any more sons?" Jesse replies, "Well, yes, but he is young and is just a shepherd of our sheep."
To the amazement of both Samuel and Jesse, God chooses David, telling Saul to anoint him to be the next king of Israel. God explains to Samuel, "For the Lord sees not as man sees: man looks on the outward appearance, but the Lord looks on the heart.”
After Samuel anointed David, did that mean that David became king immediately?
No! It was several years before David actually became the next king of Israel; his anointing was kept secret for several years. Much more is to be revealed about the true nature of King Saul, as well as the true nature of David, the son of Jesse, before David takes over the kingdom.
Thank God for the example He has given us in the life of David, the only one called by God, "A man after my own heart."
Just as David was anointed to be the next king of Israel, Christians today are also anointed by God to be lifetime servants of His. Pray today that God will be gracious to you and help you to remember that this is your first calling in life!
God Bless You,
All Scriptures are from the English Standard Version of the Bible.